Text Box: Maternal and Child Health

Before Pregnancy
 - Take 400mg of Folic Acid every day for at least 3 months before getting pregnant
 - Stop smoking and drinking alcohol
 - Talk to your doctor about any over-the-counter or prescription medication you are taking
 
During Pregnancy
 - Avoid smoking during pregnancy - it is the most preventable cause of illness and death among mothers and infants
 - Go see your doctor - prenatal care is very important as soon as possible and throughout the entire pregnancy
 - Stay healthy - eat healthy, drink plenty of water, get plenty of rest, avoid getting sick by washing your hands, check with your doctor about exercising lightly
 - Learn about your pregnancy by talking to your doctor and getting more information from trusted sources
 - Women who are normal weight before pregnancy should gain about 25-35 pounds during pregnancy

When the Baby Arrives
 - Follow your doctor's instructions for activity after delivering
 - Breastfeeding is important for you and the baby
 - It is recommended to breastfeed for at least 12 months and longer if possible
 - If you are concerned with losing weight after pregnancy, talk to your doctor about dieting while breastfeeding
 - Watch for signs of post-partum depression: irritability, restlessness, feeling sad or depressed, being overly worried about the baby, feeling worthless and guilty
 - Make sure your infant is safe - place the baby on his or her back to sleep, remove loose bedding or toys from the baby's sleep area

Cost
 - The cost of a vaginal delivery is about $5-10,000
 - Newborns use an average of 300-400 diapers a month, which costs about $75-125 per month
 - Childcare typically costs about $100 per week

Prenatal Care
 - Prenatal care is the health that you get for your baby during pregnancy
 - You should call the doctor as soon as you are pregnant or think you may be pregnant
 - Prenatal care is important to keep you and the baby safe and healthy, and it allows doctors to see problems early while there is still time to treat them
 - You should see your doctor once a month for the first six months of pregnancy, every two weeks during the seventh and eight month, and weekly during the ninth month of pregnancy

Infant Development
 - By the end of the third month, babies usually can raise their head while on their stomach
 - After the seventh month, babies usually can sit up, roll over, and start playing with sounds
 - At one year, babies can usually crawl, say "dada", and try to imitate other words
 - At two years, toddlers can usually walk on their own, say several single words, and start using simple phrases

Resources
 - US Department of Health and Human Services - www.womenshealth.gov
 - www.pregnancy.org
 - Center for Disease Control and Prevention - www.cdc.gov
 - Health Resources and Services Administration - www.mchb.hrsa.gov